What are the basic principles of design?

These principles work together to create visually appealing and functional designs that make sense to users. Alignment creates a sharper, more unified design Alignment is one of the most basic but most important principles of design, as it allows our eyes to see the order, which is quite comforting for the reader. Have you ever seen a design and don't know where to look? Left, right, centered? Having a strong alignment point within the design allows our eyes to flow smoothly through the visual message. Aligning the elements together so that each element has a visual connection to something else on the page, tightens a layout and eliminates the cluttered and cluttered effect that occurs when you place the elements randomly.

Let's look at some good visual examples of alignment in graphic design. Lineup plays an important role in this menu design for a family coffee shop from Motyw Studio. The rate aligns to the left, while all prices are aligned to the right. Alignment extends across multiple pages of the menu so that images, headers, and information are always aligned.

This creates a visual connection between the elements, simplifies the design and ensures that the viewer always knows where to find the information they are looking for. Repetition strengthens a design by joining together parts that would otherwise be separate and, as a result, creates associations. By repeating the elements of a design, you immediately create a familiarity or identity, repetition is an important factor in the unity of multi-page documents. When looking at a post, it should be immediately obvious that p, 5 and p, 10 belong to the same publication, whether because of the grid, font style, font size, color, spatial relationships, etc.

Repeating can also be used to create graphical elements, such as patterns, as long as it doesn't become overwhelming; be aware of contrast. Repetition helps people identify that separate things go together. Think of it a little like a family. Everyone in the family looks a little different, but there are enough similarities that you can see that they're all related.

Let's see some more visual examples of repetition in graphic design. Packaging is a great way to see this in action. Let's take these Olipop cans as an example. The position of the logo is repeated and uses the same fonts.

Each one has different colors and illustrations to distinguish the different flavors, but they are all similar enough to recognize that they are part of the same family. This example of the visual identity design for Fort Point Beer by Manual shows how repetition is vitally important in the brand. The company is trying to create a strong sense of recognition and the repetition of the pattern and style of illustration at different points of contact with the consumer creates great consistency and brand awareness. Contrast is the most effective way to create emphasis and impact in your design.

Contrast plays a crucial role in organizing information on a page. It provides the reader with a guide on where to look first; what is the most important point? What stands out the most? In contrast to work, it must be loud and obvious. Our eyes like contrast; don't make differences look like a mistake. To make an impact, the differences must be obvious and extreme.

In this example from Notebook II by Imprimerie du Marais, the contrast between the deep blue on the outer packaging and the bright orange touch on the inside is intriguing and entices the viewer to open the box. Once they do, a greater contrast is revealed between the minimalist exterior and the heavily patterned contents. Both add a sense of pleasure when unpacking the item. The contrast across the scale also works the other way around.

Like this example from the Yellow Pages by art directors Ron Henriques and Andre Calazans, where a lot of space around a small object attracts attention, creating a clear focal point. And as you can see in this poster by Vasjen Katro, the evident contrast in color makes certain elements of a design stand out, creating strong focus points. Contrast can also be used in the choice of materials, which you can see on this egg packaging from ZBS Brands. Using papers with different textures for the same project creates depth through contrast.

Think about it, hierarchy is usually something we think about when we describe ranking in a business or organizations such as politics and the Church. It is a system in which people or things are organized according to their importance. In design, hierarchy creates a visual organization for a design and gives the reader an idea of where to start and end the reading. Each element that is part of the design can be given a priority ranking.

A designer can then make decisions about position, size, contrast, color, etc. To ensure that the desired hierarchy is achieved. Let's look at some good visual examples of hierarchies in graphic design. Balance is the way in which the elements within a composition are arranged symmetrically, asymmetrically or radially to create the impression of equality in weight or importance.

This is an easy question: how big or small is something. Scale affects how you balance something. The phrase “the bigger, the better” is not always the case in design. Sometimes small items can attract attention just as effectively as something big.

It's the message you're trying to convey with design. Have you ever seen anything that makes your eyes hurt? A restaurant menu with a red background but a yellow type? Or an ad in a newspaper that can barely be read because the dark gray guy was printed in black ink? This is due to the lack of contrast, or the arrangement of the opposing elements. Red and yellow are not far enough from each other on the color wheel to be distinguishable enough to the naked eye, so the colors conflict with each other and the result is literally a headache. The pattern is the repetition of specific visual elements, such as a single unit or multitude of shapes.

Patterns can be used to create balance, organize surfaces consistently, or create contrast. An example of this is the tiles in the department store. While they serve as decoration, they serve another purpose: to guide the customer throughout the store. Movement is the way the eye moves along the composition, drawing attention from one aspect to another.

This can be achieved through the use of repeating or alternating elements or patterns. The frequency with which something repeats itself and the intensity of its contrast creates rhythm. What happens when you put it all together? How do all these elements work together? The way in which the elements are arranged so that the image looks as a whole and, in general, creates a visually compelling composition is unity. Do you want to share a business opportunity?.

Although we have seen a good number of experimental pieces, it is important to know the importance of the fundamentals. Each design piece has a structure below the surface that supports the design and makes it visually interesting and balanced. Once designers understand the use of principles, they will better understand how to violate these rules. Any element placed on a page has a visual weight.

May vary from shape to size, color and texture. In order for a design to feel stable or have balance, the elements must have a certain scale. For example, in a symmetrical design, the elements on the right side have the same visual weight as the elements on the left side. Symmetrical designs are easier to balance, but they can also look boring.

Asymmetrical designs have different sides but the same visual weight. Being able to achieve balance in asymmetry can result in a visually interesting design that has movement. The lack of balance would make your design feel heavy on one side and empty on the other. You'll know your design lacks balance when it feels like it's falling to one side.

Unity is the harmony that all the elements of a design piece produce. For example, using similar colors that combine and integrate elements organically makes it appear that they are together and not just placed on a page. You can achieve unity by establishing clear relationships between visual elements. You can find the unit wherever you find a clear organization and order, and the elements on the page won't struggle to attract attention.

Instead, they will work together to strengthen the message. Too much unity can result in a sterile design with a lack of personality. That's when you can start incorporating other elements to add movement. The lack of unity would make your design feel cluttered and confusing.

Spectators will be attracted by the wrong element of the design and will not receive a clear message. A good rule of thumb is to place an element in your design only if it enhances the message. Ask yourself what the element is adding to the composition. Contrast refers to the level of difference between design elements to create visual hierarchies.

Variation makes certain elements stand out more than others. You can apply contrast by using colors, textures, sizes and shapes. In a layout, contrast is applied to create a hierarchy between font sizes. Larger text tends to be read before any smaller text.

Contrast is important when it comes to font matching. For example, in the following example, we have a font duo that includes a script font and a sans serif font. Script font adds movement to static sans serif. Contrast can create a focal point for certain elements that can attract the viewer's attention.

Contrast can also be used to create balance and harmony by ensuring that articles are well distributed on one page. Lack of contrast can make a design look boring and viewers may overlook the important message. Contrast is important, especially when designing accessible documents. For example, black text on a white background will be easier to read than black on a brown background.

Using repeated elements in a design can be pleasing to the viewer. Repeating is repeating a single element throughout the design. We can call a grid a repetition of lines because it creates a certain consistency. In layout design, the replay is shown through the folio location to help viewers find their way into a book or magazine.

The same location of the folio creates continuity in the repetition. On a website, the replay is seen in the menu location, providing viewers with a constant location that can make them feel comfortable and familiar. Repetition can also be achieved by repeating elements in a design, such as a logo or slogan, in a branding project. Then the repetition of waves gives the feeling that the page is endless.

The pattern is the repetition of more than one design element. While repetition focuses on repeating a single element, pattern refers to multiple elements repeated throughout a design (e.g. A seamless pattern is a repeated set of elements that flows without any defects to create a unit. You can see seamless patterns predominantly in interior design when using tiles.

Using patterns can improve the viewer's experience and the look of a final design. In the following example, the pattern repeats end-to-end without interruptions. The pattern consists of multiple elements with different sizes and depths. The rhythm has more complexity than the previous principles of repetition and pattern.

Repeat and pattern apply to the same element throughout the design. Rhythm is the visual tempo of a combination of elements when used repeatedly and, with variation, gives the feeling of organized movement. The rhythm is usually hidden in works of art and is not as obvious as the design principles of repetition and pattern. In the following example, the diagonal lines are not organized in a specific pattern.

Instead, there is a repetition of the elements with variations. Movement can be created with rhythm when a variation of an element is used repeatedly. Using curved lines and diagonal lines creates more movement compared to straight lines. Use lines to trace the path to the focal point.

Color can help improve the sensation of movement, juxtaposing high and low key colors to create energy. A literal way to show movement is to use an image that includes movement, such as a ballerina or hair in the wind. Some artists use illusions such as optical art, in which repetition and contrast make our brain want to organize information. Proportion is the sense of unity that is created when all the elements of a composition relate well to each other.

Ratio is mainly based on scale and size when comparing two items. For example, in art and drawing, proportion is important to make elements look realistic. The ratio does not necessarily refer to the size of an element, but rather to the ratio of two or more elements. In the design hierarchy, the ratio of the title to the photo caption should be higher, since the title is the most important element.

When you achieve a good sense of proportion in a composition, you can add harmony and balance. Harmony is the sense of cohesion between the elements of a composition. The elements must not be exactly the same or completely different, but rather they are related in some way. Color palettes or similar textures can create a sense of unity between the different components.

The use of objects with similar shapes will create harmony because they will seem related. Creating visual interest will keep viewers interested in your design. Keeping their attention and guiding them through the composition will create a powerful user experience. The variety adds something interesting to the composition to create contrast and tension.

For example, mixing organic shapes with geometric shapes adds variety. This concept should reinforce the message you're trying to communicate in your design, otherwise it may seem useless. Lucky for us, in the late 1970s, an influential designer named Dieter Rams saw this problem. In response, he asked what constituted good design and drew up his own list of ten principles.

The principles of Rams are not the only principles that exist. Other notable design principles include Nielsen's 10 usability heuristics and Whitney Hess's five guiding principles for experience designers. Symmetrical design uses an imaginary vertical (or sometimes horizontal) line to divide a design into two halves around a center point. Equal visual weight elements are balanced on either side of the axis to create symmetry.

An asymmetrical composition is when a design uses unequal weighted elements. One side can have a visually heavy element, balanced with several lighter elements on the opposite side. To run with the example of the seesaw, it would be like having a weight of 100 kg on one side and 100 kg of feathers stacked on the other. It still strikes balance, but provides a completely different experience.

Asymmetry is usually more interesting visually. While symmetrical designs can be quite static and predictable, asymmetrical balance can give designs a more dynamic feel. Radial balance is when elements “radiate” from a point in the center of a design. Think of the rays that shine from the sun, the petals that sprout from a rose, or a splash of tomato sauce in the middle of a juicy meatloaf.

This form of symmetry is a way to add depth and movement to a design and works to draw attention to an object in the center of a composition. Emphasis is used to focus the viewer's attention on a certain part of a composition. The effect is achieved by manipulating elements (such as color, shape, and size) to make specific parts of a design stand out. For example, let's say you want to draw attention to a call to action on a landing page.

You can increase the size of the text and use colors that stand out from the background, emphasizing the call to action and making sure that visitors don't miss it. As you may have guessed, repetition refers to when an element is repeated throughout a design. It can be anything from using a certain font color to adding a repeating pattern to a social media post. Repeat makes designs visually exciting and cohesive.

It also creates a sense of coherence by using a repetitive motif that the viewer expects. This makes it particularly useful when it comes to creating your distinctive brand identity. Why do we equate the swoosh and “do it with Nike”? The blue can with Pepsi? Because these images were repeated so often that they eventually became synonymous with the brands they represent. So while repetition can help you create a beautiful iPhone wallpaper, it's a crucial tool for any company looking to build a visual identity and brand recognition.

When we think about moving, we think about, well, that things move. A Ferrari roaring on the highway. But in design, it refers to the path that the spectator's eye follows when looking at a composition. Movement can be used to distract, direct and attract the spectator's gaze around a design.

By using subtle signals (especially with lighting and perspective), a skilled artist can control this entire process. You can use lines to create directional signals and make images feel more vivid. The ratio is the ratio between two or more elements of a design, particularly the size and scale thereof. When things are proportional, it means there is a coordination between them that makes the design look aesthetically pleasing.

Proportion consists of finding harmony between two elements. You want to make sure that things look “good”, that the elements seem to be together. You can also play with proportions in various ways to emphasize elements or convey a certain message. It's a strategy that you'll notice ads do often and is usually best used for more creative projects.

Contrast occurs when two or more visual elements of a composition are different. It can be used to create specific effects, emphasize the importance of certain elements and add visual appeal to your designs. Designs that look the same are boring by experimenting with contrasting colors, tones, shapes, sizes, textures and typography, you can liven things up. It's a great way to attract attention, control visual flow and keep people engaged.

Keep in mind that adding too many variations can be confusing for viewers (the opposite effect to what you want to achieve). Don't worry, you can leave your dancing shoes at home. In design, rhythm has nothing to do with the way you move your hips. It's all about giving your composition a sense of action and movement.

People tend to get confused between repeating patterns, which is understandable, since they both deal with repeated elements. While repetition occurs when the same elements are repeated throughout a design, a pattern is made up of different components that repeat in the same way. Think about the way gift wrapping is usually made up of a few different repeating elements that are a pattern. The easiest way to do this is through juxtaposition and contrast.

Place bright colors next to lighter tones, text next to images, and round shapes next to square tones. By doing so, you can keep viewers interested and your design interesting. We hope these 12 design principles can inspire you to take your creative work to the next level. There are several fundamental principles of designs involved in creating an expressive design.

But here we have scored 6 of the necessary. Design elements, such as line, size, shape, space or color, carry weight and maintenance is essential to balance your design. The large round shape of the left plane can be balanced with two or three medium square shapes on the right. This is how you organize the elements of a page with respect to grids.

The proper alignment of your design makes it look organized and well-composed and represents a visual connection between the elements. Alignment makes it easy for viewers to understand a design in an easy and meaningful way. The “pop factor” of a design, Contrast distinguishes one element from another to show the harmony between them. The contrast between the different elements highlights each of them and makes them unique and accessible.

A design requires this fundamental principle to attract attention rather than simply being simple and boring. It is created in a well-proportioned way to outline what is important and what is not. Therefore, we can say that the Proportion is the visual size of the elements relative to each other in the composition and difference between what matters and what doesn't. Design principles are guidelines to follow if you want to create effective images, from oil paintings and blog graphics to eye-catching social media posts.

Some absolutely mind-blowing designs ignore one or more of the design principles to create an eye-catching and effective work. Design principles are the rules that a designer must follow to create an effective and attractive composition. The principles of design are a set of rules that designers can follow when creating a composition to create a visually pleasing work. When you look at a design composition from now on, think about these principles and how they are applied.

But here at Shillington, our teachers believe that to create a successful piece of graphic design, there are established graphic design principles that you must consider and adhere to. These design principles work together to create something that is aesthetically pleasing and optimizes the user experience. Along with the definitions, we will show you some principles of design examples that will help you better understand their meaning. These are the building blocks that graphic designers and artists use to put together creative works; the basic principles of art that make up each design, from the fine art of the Louvre to the Corn Flakes boxes at the local grocery store.

A prototype of a brilliantly planned idea can be created in the silhouette of the elements if the basic principles of the designs are executed intelligently. . .

Gloria Foulke
Gloria Foulke

Wannabe twitter lover. Freelance social media maven. Friendly twitter nerd. Hipster-friendly zombie advocate. Avid zombie practitioner. Amateur baconaholic.